- Indonesian phrasebook - Wikitravel
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- Nonton Film Subtitle Indonesia - Page 2 of 220
Indonesian is very easy to pronounce: it has one of the most phonetic writing systems in the world, with only a small number of simple consonants and relatively few vowel sounds. One peculiarity of the spelling is the lack of a separate sign to denote the schwa. It is written as an 'e', which can sometimes be confusing.
Indonesian phrasebook - Wikitravel
The basic word order of Indonesian is similar to English:subject-verb-object with one basic difference being that the noun or subject comes before the predicate or adjective. For example, Kucing hitam = Black cat Buku saya = My book. In general, there are no plurals, grammatical gender, or verb conjugation for person, number or tense, all of which are expressed with adverbs or tense indicators: saya makan , "I eat" (now), saya sudah makan , "I already eat" = "I ate".
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The Bahasa Indonesia that is used on a daily basis by Indonesians is quite different than what you may learn in a formal course, though most Indonesians will certainly understand formal Indonesian grammar as well as the more relaxed versions. Look at your needs and who you will be speaking with to determine the best method for you to learn the language.
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-ku and -mu also act as suffixes: mobilku is short for mobil aku , "my car". Note that shortened words are often less formal, and there for clarity, the standard form may be preferred.
Nonton Film Subtitle Indonesia - Page 2 of 220
A place to chat with Indonesians wanting to learn English or to find an Indonesian pen pal is on the Living in Indonesia Expat Forum.
The best time to start learning Bahasa Indonesia is before you even make your move to Indonesia, however it may be difficult to find language materials in your home country. You may want to ask your sponsoring company to help you obtain CDs and books several months before you move, so that you can start becoming used to the sound of the language and start familiarizing yourself with its structure and vocabulary. Another option is joining online courses. There are free online Indonesian courses available, even though the materials offered are fairly limited and mostly for beginner level.
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A characteristic of Indonesian is that it is a so-called agglutinative language, which means that affixes are all attached to a word stem. So a word can become very long. For example there is a base word hasil which means "result" or "success". But it can be extended as far as ketidakber hasil annya , which means his/her failure: "ke"(the state of)-"tidak"(not)-"ber"(-ing)-"hasil"(success)-"an"(the state of, with ke)-"nya"(his/her). These are largely modular "berhasil" means "to succeed", for example.
For more Illnesses and Medical Symptoms/Conditions phrases and more helpful information to learn Bahasa Indonesia, visit the IALF website.
One legacy of the Sukarno-Suharto era still affecting Indonesia is an inordinate fondness for vaguely Orwellian Newspeak-y abbreviations , chosen more for pronouncability than logic or comprehensibility. For example, the National Monument ( Monumen Nasional ) is universally known as Monas , the Jakarta-Bogor-Tangerang-Bekasi capital region is called Jabotabek and a police captain at the East Kalimantan HQ ( Kepala Kepolisian Resor Kalimantan Timur ) would be known as Kapolres Kaltim. Even the socialistic exhortation to stand on your own feet ( berdiri diatas kaki sendiri ) can be snappily rendered as berdikari and the humble fried rice nasi goreng can be chopped up into nasgor !